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Eyewitness Account of WTC Attack...
Wants Osama Dead or Alive
back at work downtown
By DAVE SALTONSTALL
Daily News Staff Writer
As Wall Street rumbled nervously back
to life amid more signs of a wounded economy, President Bush stepped
up his hard-line rhetoric yesterday with a vow to nab terror
mastermind Osama Bin Laden any way he can.
Patrolling police officers watch workers hurry about outside the
New York Stock Exchange, which reopened yesterday, as did as
many businesses that could in lower Manhattan after World Trade
Center attacks one week ago.
"There's an old poster out West, as I
recall," said the former Texas governor, "that said: 'Wanted! Dead
Bush's edict was another sign that
the United States will use a broad campaign of military force to
seek justice in Tuesday's terrorist attacks, which used hijacked,
fuel-laden jetliners to flatten the World Trade Center and
incinerate portions of the Pentagon. The President made clear that
Afghanistan's ruling Taliban militia which is thought to be
harboring Bin Laden had reached a dangerous crossroads. "The people
who house him, encourage him, provide food, comfort or money are on
notice," Bush promised. "We're going to find those ... evildoers,
those barbaric people who attacked our country, and we're going to
hold them accountable." Moments after he spoke, the FBI said it had
detained a total of 49 people, nearly twice as many as previously
announced, for questioning in the jetliner attacks that left more
than 5,000 dead or missing.
commuters aboard a ferry to lower Manhattan look upon an
unfamiliar skyline in their return to work yesterday.
Back to Work
As the investigation pressed ahead,
thousands of edgy but resolute workers, from CEOs to street
sweepers, returned to the city's fabled Financial District for the
first time since the attacks. They endured harrowing commutes as the
city's torn infrastructure groaned to accommodate the morning rush.
"I just wanted to get back to work, it's that simple," said Jose
Abrerro-Valiante of the Bronx, a street sweeper for the Downtown
Business Alliance, as he worked his way along a dusty Water St.
"Working hard is what built this country, and it is what will win
While not unexpected, the stock
market was less surefooted. Led by heavy losses in the airline
industry, frightened investors drove the Dow industrials down 684
points, or 7.1%, to a close of 8,920, its biggest one-day point
loss ever and its first dip below 9,000 since December 1998. The
technology-heavy Nasdaq plummeted by 115 points, or 6.1%. Before
trading began, the usually frenetic New York Stock Exchange observed
two minutes of silence, followed by the singing of "God Bless
America." The opening bell was rung by members of the city's Police
and Fire departments, along with representatives of other agencies
involved in the rescue and recovery efforts. And while there was
much anxiety on the floor, there was also pride and no small measure
"We're going to rebuild and we're
going to be stronger," said trading specialist James Maguire Jr.,
who lost three friends in the World Trade Center. "Once the market
has a couple of days, I think things will settle down."
The Federal Reserve, concerned that
the attacks could tip the economy into recession, tried to limit the
damage by lowering its overnight bank lending rate half a percentage
point to 3% the lowest since February 1994. But by day's end, it
was apparent that restoring Wall Street's confidence, like
rebuilding the surrounding neighborhood, would be a long-term
Mayor Giuliani tried to do his part,
reopening the nearby City Hall for the first time. Bounding up the
stairs shortly after 7:30 a.m., the mayor gave custodian Johnny
Zissel, a City Hall fixture since 1966, a warm hug as he headed into
his usual 8 a.m. staff meeting. "This building has withstood all
kinds of attacks and it's here," he said, referring to its
near-destruction during the War of 1812. "It's wonderful to be back,
to see it open."
stands with Muslim religious leaders during visit to
Washington's Islamic Center.
It was a measure of can-do spirit
that could be found all over the city yesterday, although often in
the face of enormous inconvenience.
Aboveground, it was bumper-to-bumper
traffic throughout the city, as the Holland Tunnel remained closed
and backups stretched to 90 minutes or more at the Lincoln Tunnel,
where authorities stopped and checked all trucks and random
vehicles. The subways, while better, were not without delays or
service interruptions, especially on the numbered trains in
Manhattan. A bomb scare also closed down the busy Atlantic Ave.
station in Brooklyn during the morning rush.
For Michael Tripoldi, 32, a
stockbroker who usually commutes 20 minutes by car into Manhattan
from his Bay Ridge, Brooklyn, home, that meant a two-hour commute
and a long walk across the Brooklyn Bridge. "It's a small
inconvenience compared to what other people are going through," he
said. "Every time it pops in my head that it is an inconvenience, it
flies right out of my head. I think of others." As he spoke,
thousands of weary rescue workers continued to pick away at Ground
Zero of the World Trade Center disaster. But with only five
survivors found since the attack — and none since Wednesday —
expectations were butting up against reality.
"They are not going to be able to
find any substantial number of people alive," said Giuliani,
paraphrasing his experts at the scene. "But there is still a
possibility that some might have survived. ... We have to leave that
Yet the numbers remained unbearably
grim: As of late yesterday, there were still 5,422 people
unaccounted for and 201 confirmed dead, of which only 135 had been
identified. Round-the-clock crews had removed more than 39,416 tons
of twisted steel, metal and rock, most of it passed hand to hand,
one bucketful at a time, across huge snaking lines of workers. But
in an indication that the effort may be moving beyond a painstaking
search for survivors, three huge new cranes were brought to the
scene, while the Hudson River near Stuyvesant High School was
dredged in order to get debris away faster.
Search for Clues
FBI agents were still combing through
every barge load, looking for clues, at the reopened Fresh Kills
landfill, the final resting spot of the 1.25 million-ton twin
towers. "We have teams over there that are literally raking through
the debris," said New York FBI chief Barry Mawn. In a sobering
update, Attorney General John Ashcroft suggested that danger may
still be afoot, saying that "associates of the hijackers that have
ties to terrorist organizations may be a continuing presence in the
Federal officials are thought to be
cultivating a small group of informants, including several already
imprisoned in New York, who may have direct knowledge of Bin Laden's
tactics and bases of operation, sources told the Daily News. To
counteract any potential threat, Ashcroft yesterday directed the
U.S. Marshals Service to assign more than 300 deputies to assist FBI
field offices in the probe, which has received 7,700 phone calls and
47,000 tips on the Internet. Ashcroft added that a growing number of
federal law enforcement agents from the Justice Department would be
boarding commercial flights as air marshals.
"Each day as flights increase we will
be adding additional enforcement officials," said Ashcroft.
The attorney general also told
Congress he will be seeking expanded wiretap authority and stiffer
penalties for those who harbor terrorists.
While Bush continued to brace the
nation's military — and citizens — for a prolonged assault, there
were few signs yesterday of unusual preparations beyond reminders to
some troops to get their personal affairs in order, officials said.
For security reasons, Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld has been
unwilling to publicly discuss the specifics of a U.S. military
campaign. But authorities have said the nation's elite, special
operations troops — Navy SEALs, Army Rangers, Green Berets and other
"special ops" trained in clandestine commando raids — would be in
the thick of it.
Agence France-Presse has reported
that there were already as many as 50 agents and special forces
operatives in Pakistan, mostly there to do liaison work and assess
the feasibility of military strikes in or against Afghanistan. "They
are a hammer in the kisser," said Andy Messing, a retired major from
the Army special forces. "They're directed like light coming out of
the magnifying glass."
Amid reports from the Justice
Department about a rise in hate crimes against Arab- and
Muslim-Americans — including two possible murders — Bush also went
out of his way to reject such vigilantism. Late yesterday, he
visited the Washington Islamic Center, located about 2 miles from
the White House, and decried prejudice against Muslim- and
Arab-Americans. In stockinged feet, he stood with his back to an
ornately tiled prayer alcove and read a passage from the Koran: "In
the long run, evil in the extreme will be the end of those who do
evil." Added Bush: "Islam is peace. These terrorists don't represent
As he spoke, halfway around the globe
Pakistani diplomats were in Afghanistan at the urging of the United
States, seeking to have Bin Laden turned over to American
authorities. Taliban-run radio reported that a council of Islamic
clerics would meet today to decide whether to hand Bin Laden over to
the West, but no sign emerged that they were ready to surrender him.
"The talks were positive, but I cannot go into the specifics," said
Taliban spokesman Abdul Hai Mutmaen. "Both sides totally agreed on
the need to end the current misunderstanding between Afghanistan and
the United States."
Closer to home, economic fallout from
the attack was spreading.
Bush met with top domestic advisers
to consider a temporary bailout of the airline industry, which lost
$1 billion in the past week, and a broader new economic stimulus
package. US Airways announced it will lay off 11,000 employees, or
24% of its workforce. That followed announcements over the weekend
that Continental Airlines would furlough 12,000 employees, or 20% of
its workforce. Industry analysts expect thousands of other layoffs
at other major carriers. Separately, House Speaker Dennis Hastert
(R-Ill.) said he would try to move airline legislation through the
House as soon as possible. House leadership aides said the industry
had presented members with a wish list of some $20 billion to $24
billion in assistance. "We need to make sure that America keeps
flying because that's important," Hastert said.
Let's Play Ball
Despite disarray in the skies, Major
League Baseball returned last night for the first time since the
attacks. But in a sign of things to come, virtually all stadium
events are expected to proceed under much tighter security.
No coolers will be allowed at NASCAR
races. Backpacks and briefcases will be searched at hockey games.
Football fans will be asked to arrive early. Even the Goodyear blimp
might not fly.
"We're waiting at the moment for
clearance," Goodyear spokeswoman Jennifer Arnold said. "As always,
we will cooperate with aviation authorities."
U.S. Demands Arab
Countries 'Choose Sides'
By JANE PERLEZ
WASHINGTON, Sept. 14
— Moving swiftly in America's new war on terrorists, a senior State
Department official today met with 15 Arab representatives and gave
them a stark choice: either declare their nations members of an
international coalition against terrorism, or risk being isolated in
a growing global conflict. Unusually, the meeting included the
ambassador of Syria, a country long on the State Department's list
of those that foster terrorism. It followed a 98-to-0 vote in the
Senate to give President Bush the power to use "all necessary and
appropriate force" to respond to the terror attacks on the United
States this week.
The House approved
the use of force resolution late today by a vote of 420-1.
President Bush said
after the House voted: "I am gratified that the Congress has united
so powerfully by taking this action. It sends a clear message — our
people are together and we will prevail."
The lone member of
Congress to vote against the measure, Rep. Barbara J. Lee, Democrat
of California, said the nation risked entering an open-ended war
without a clear target. She said in a statement, "I am convinced
that military action will not prevent further acts of international
terrorism against the United States."
Mr. Bush took the
first concrete step toward a military response to Tuesday's acts of
terror, giving the Pentagon authority to activate as many as 50,000
reserve troops to maintain aerial patrols over American cities and
to strengthen security at crucial military and civilian
installations. Some of the reservists could also be deployed
overseas to provide security at American bases or perform other
support missions, Pentagon officials said.
As Congress was also
voting today to authorize $40 billion for increased military
preparedness and disaster relief, William J. Burns, assistant
secretary of state for Near East affairs, met with the Arab envoys
and delivered what a senior administration official called a simple
message: "The time has come to choose sides."
The State Department
described the nascent antiterror coalition as embracing "all
civilizations," not just the West. Secretary of State Colin L.
Powell said at a news conference today, "This has become a new
benchmark, a new way of measuring the relationship and what we can
Mr. Burns read to the
Arab envoys — who included a representative of the Palestinians,
whose leader, Yasir Arafat, has yet to meet with the president — a
list of actions their nations were expected to take against
terrorism, including the arrest and prosecution of terrorists on a
In addition, the
State Department sent a cable to all its embassies and posts around
the world today listing the conditions that nations were expected to
meet in order to qualify for membership in the antiterror coalition.
Quoting from the
cable, a State Department official said it included a demand that
each country must "wrap up and prosecute terrorists on your own
representatives were not given a deadline for deciding whether to
sign on to the antiterror cause. Nor was there any discussion of
possible military contributions by the Arab nations represented at
Whether the Arab
governments, which must often contend with significant segments of
their populations who sympathize with the goals of militants like
Osama bin Laden, will agree to the administration's request is an
open question. Hints that Mr. Bush may have trouble holding together
the coalition he envisions were not long in coming.
One of the envoys who
met with Mr. Powell, Nabil Fahmy, the ambassador from Egypt, warned
the administration that it must focus on finding and punishing those
responsible for this week's attacks, and not broaden the effort to
include other geopolitical goals.
He said the
international coalition that waged the Persian Gulf war in 1991 —
which included Egypt and Syria — worked because it kept to the clear
objective of pushing the Iraqis out of Kuwait.
Hours before the
session with the Arab diplomats, Prime Minister Ariel Sharon of
Israel spoke to Mr. Bush, and according to officials, expressed
skepticism about the United States' enlisting the aid of Israel's
foes, Syria and the Palestinian Authority.
"If there is an
attempt to bring Syria and Arafat into the coalition, then that is a
problem," an Israeli official said.
Having spent a day
attending a national prayer service in Washington and visiting
rescue workers at the remains of the destroyed buildings in lower
Manhattan, Mr. Bush was planning to meet with members of his cabinet
and his national security advisers during the weekend at Camp David.
The White House, taking extraordinary security measures, disclosed
few details about the president's schedule over the next several
Unity was the theme
on Capitol Hill as Congress moved with exceptional speed to express
support for the president and provide funds for retaliation and
reconstruction. Congress was appropriating twice as much as the $20
billion that the administration had asked for to start the
"These are different
times," said the Senate minority leader, Trent Lott, Republican of
Mississippi. "And we have got to act decisively. The American people
expect it of us, and they will accept nothing less."
But some members of
Congress also injected a note of caution into the administration's
rapid-fire military and diplomatic campaign. The resolution
authorizing military action was intended to give the president
political support, but not unfettered power to wage war.
The joint resolution
fell short of a full declaration of war, which lawmakers said would
have been inappropriate in military action against a shadowy enemy.
states: "That the president is authorized to use all necessary and
appropriate force against those nations, organizations, or persons
he determines planned, authorized, committed, or aided the terrorist
attacks that occurred on Sept. 11, 2001, or harbored such
organizations or persons, in order to prevent any future acts of
international terrorism against the United States by such nations,
organizations or persons."
Senator Joseph R.
Biden Jr., chairman of the Foreign Relations Committee, said
Congress was not ceding its constitutional authority to declare war
or intending to write a measure like the Gulf of Tonkin resolution,
which President Lyndon B. Johnson used in 1964 to justify escalation
of the war in Vietnam.
specifically states that it does not supersede the War Powers
Resolution of 1973, which requires the president to seek
Congressional approval for any extended use of American forces in
Pakistan to fully aid
USA, sources say
(AP) — Pakistan has agreed to the full list of U.S. demands for a
possible attack on neighboring Afghanistan, including a
multinational force to be based within its borders, Pakistani
military and diplomatic sources said Saturday. Pakistan's agreement
was conveyed by President Pervez Musharraf in a meeting Friday with
U.S. Ambassador Wendy Chamberlin, the sources said, speaking on
condition of anonymity. Besides the ground force, Pakistan also
agreed to close its border with Afghanistan, allow its airspace to
be used for possible strikes and cooperate in intelligence
Officials from both countries
have been in intensive talks since shortly after Tuesday's terrorist
attack on the United States. U.S. embassy officials were not
immediately available to comment Saturday, and there was no formal
announcement in Washington or Islamabad. A Pakistani spokesman would
not confirm the agreement. "We have received the U.S. demands but I
am not authorized to give the details," said the spokesman, Rashid
Cabinet and the National Security Council were to meet Saturday to
work on a formal response to the United States, the sources said.
Afghanistan, which shares a 1,560-mile border with Pakistan, is
believed to be harboring Saudi dissident Osama bin Laden, the key
suspect in the airborne strikes on New York and Washington. The
Taliban, Afghanistan's hard-line Islamic militia, have refused to
surrender bin Laden to U.S. authorities. Concerned about tension in
the orthodox Islamic community at home and elsewhere, Pakistan
sought assurances that the ground troops would be multinational, not
only American, the source said.
a military leader who seized power in a bloodless coup in October
1999, met twice with his senior commanders since Tuesday's terrorist
attacks in the United States. The military and diplomatic sources
said the United States was seeking a "comprehensive strike" to wipe
out the Taliban and a network of suspected terrorist bases in
Afghanistan. Pakistan has told the Taliban that a massive U.S.
strike is in the making, Pakistani military sources said Friday.
They said that despite the warnings, the Taliban were unwilling to
change their stance on bin Laden, whom they have sheltered since
uses Afghanistan as a base of operations. Secretary of State Colin
Powell has said he is a prime suspect in this week's terror attacks
that leveled the World Trade Center, damaged the Pentagon and killed
thousands. Powell said Friday the United States will measure its
relations with other countries on the stand they take on terrorism.
In a radio
address on Friday, the Taliban's reclusive leader, Mullah Mohammed
Omar, warned Afghans that they faced a military strike from the
United States, but called on them to stand steadfast "against the
comes to everyone. We must stand proud as Afghans in the defense of
Islam," Omar said. "Believe in God, for with the grace of God the
American rockets will go astray and we will be saved," he said.
Pakistan, military sources said that Omar had been moved to a secret
hideout ahead of a possible military strike. Omar usually lives in
secret locations in Afghanistan's southern city of Kandahar.
Taleban warns U.S. of revenge
It says the United States should be wary of attacking
© St. Petersburg Times,
published September 15, 2001
KABUL, Afghanistan -- The ruling Taleban
threatened revenge Friday if the United States attacks Afghanistan
for shielding suspected terrorist mastermind Osama bin Laden.
"If a country or group violates our country, we
will not forget our revenge," Taleban spokesman Abdul Hai Muttmain
said in telephone interview with the Associated Press.
There are fears in Afghanistan that the United
States is planning a military attack to force the Taleban to hand
over the exiled Saudi millionaire, who is suspected in the attacks
on the Pentagon and the World Trade Center. In a radio address
Friday, Mullah Mohammed Omar, the Taleban's reclusive leader, urged
Afghans to prepare for a U.S. assault and stand steadfast "against
"Death comes to everyone. We must stand proud as
Afghans in the defense of Islam," Omar said. "Believe in God, for
with the grace of God, the American rockets will go astray and we
will be saved."
Bin Laden has been living in Afghanistan under
the protection of the Taleban since 1996. The hard-line Islamic
militia refuses to hand him over until Washington provides
convincing evidence of guilt.
In a written statement Friday, Omar said U.S.
investigators were trying to link bin Laden to this week's attacks
"without any reason." He said the attacks point to bin Laden's
innocence "because Osama has no pilots" and because there is no
pilot training in Afghanistan. U.S. officials have said the
some of the hijackers aboard the jets that struck the World Trade
Center and the Pentagon were trained as pilots in the United States.
Muttmain, meanwhile, said a U.S. strike would fail to flush out bin
Laden. "Their missiles cannot find an individual," he said.
"The Soviet Union destroyed this country, but
they could never accomplish their goals. The United States will also
fail," said Muttmain, referring to the Soviet intervention in
Afghanistan from 1979 to 1991.
Meanwhile, Pakistani military sources said Friday
that Omar had been moved to a new hide-out in Afghanistan. He
normally is thought to live in secret locations in Kandahar, where
Pakistani reports said the militants have reinforced security.
Pakistan, which has been Taleban's closest ally, is thought to have
the best intelligence on Afghanistan and the Taleban.
In his radio address, Omar said he would die
rather than back down.
"I am not afraid of death or of losing power. I
am willing to give up power and my seat, but I'm not willing to give
up Islam," he said. "We shall be victorious."
This week's terrorist attacks have put the
Taleban in a difficult position: if they hand over bin Laden, they
risk alienating thousands of foreign radicals who are indispensable
in their war against a northern-based alliance. The United Nations
and many international aid organizations have withdrawn their
foreign workers from Afghanistan, fearing an attack. Foreigners have
been ordered to leave, and the Taleban have stopped issuing new
visas. As the foreigners left, war-weary Afghans resigned
themselves Friday to the possibility of more bloodshed. Since the
1970s, the country has been wracked by successive disasters: a
Soviet invasion, civil war, the rise of the radical Taleban, a
devastating drought and famine.
War will be Long, Focused on
By SARA FRITZ and PAUL DE LA GARZA
© St. Petersburg Times,
published September 14, 2001
WASHINGTON -- President Bush and his
advisers laid the groundwork Thursday for a broad, full-fledged U.S.
military campaign against terrorism, possibly beginning with a
strike against the Islamic militant Osama bin Laden.
Emphasizing that Bush has judged
Tuesday's attacks as a declaration of war against the United States,
Secretary of State Colin Powell said the president intends to
respond in kind.
unhidden, President Bush finishes his remarks to reporters in
the Oval Office on Thursday after a telephone conversation with
New York City Mayor Rudy Giuliani and New York Gov. George
Deputy Defense Secretary Paul
Wolfowitz described action that would put the U.S. military on a war
footing for some time, saying that the administration's retaliation
would be "sustained and broad and effective" and that the United
States "will use all our resources."
"It's not just simply a matter of
capturing people and holding them accountable, but removing the
sanctuaries, removing the support systems, ending states who sponsor
terrorism," Wolfowitz said. "It will be a campaign," he said,
"not a single action. And we're going to keep after these people and
the people who support them until it stops."
The obvious military options
available to Bush include covert attacks, air raids or the
deployment of ground troops -- all intended to capture the
terrorists and destroy their operations and hideouts. The United
States will begin by going after the specific terrorist group that
investigators say is responsible for the attacks on the World Trade
Center and the Pentagon, Powell said. But even if the military
succeeds in destorying that terrorist network, the president will
not be satisfied until he has obliterated all terrorists at work in
the world. "When we are through with that network, we'll begin with
a global assault against terrorism in general," Powell explained.
Powell confirmed that bin Laden is a
prime suspect in Tuesday's attacks, and thus the likely target of
the first strike.
Referring to bin Laden and
Afghanistan, he said: "We are looking at those terrorist
organizations who have the kind of capacity that would have been
necessary to conduct the kind of attack that we saw. When you look
at the list of candidates, one resides in the region."
Secretary of State Colin
Powell said the president wants all terrorists obliterated.
Powell added that Bush does not
intend to limit himself to a military response.
"War in some cases may be military
action, but it can also be economic action, political action,
diplomatic action and financial actions," Powell said. "All sorts of
things can be used to prosecute a campaign, to prosecute a war."
Both Bush and Powell indicated that
the administration is looking to Pakistan to assist them in
targeting bin Laden. The president told reporters that he was
encouraged by favorable statements issued by the Pakistani
government. "We will give the Pakistani government a chance to
cooperate and to participate as we hunt down those people who
committed this unbelievable, despicable act on America," he said.
The Associated Press reported
Thursday that the United States has urged Pakistan to close its
border with Afghanistan, to cut off funding for terrorist groups and
to grant permission for American planes to fly over Pakistani
territory in the event of military action.
Powell, who has spoken directly by
telephone with Pakistani ruler Gen. Pervez Musharraf, described
Pakistan as a "friendly country" that had pledged "unstinted
cooperation" with the United States. At the same time, the secretary
of state acknowledged that U.S.-Pakistani relations have had their
"ups and downs." Pakistan has diplomatic relations with Afghanistan,
while the United States does not. At the same time, Pakistan is
recognized as a haven for terrorists.
Asad Hayauddin, spokesman at the
Embassy of Pakistan in Washington, said Pakistan "probably" was
acting as a go-between between the United States and Afghanistan,
where bin Laden supposedly is based. Asked what else his country was
willing to do, he replied: "It depends on what the offer is."
If bin Laden were in Pakistani territory, extraditing him to the
United States would not be a problem, Hayauddin said. But he
declined to say whether Pakistan would support a U.S. attack of
Deputy Defense Secretary Paul
Wolfowitz, speaking at the Pentagon on Thursday, said the Bush
administrations's response would be "sustained and broad and
To lay the groundwork for a broad,
sustained attack on terrorism, Bush has been trying to build an
international coalition of support, much as his father did before
sending American troops into the Persian Gulf in 1991. Ideally, his
coalition would include NATO allies, Russia, China, the Arab states
and perhaps even Pakistan. These countries will certainly be
asked to support economic and political sanctions against any
countries harboring terrorists, but it is not known if any of them
would be called upon by Bush to participate in military action.
Deputy Secretary of State Richard
Armitage scheduled a trip to Moscow next Wednesday to follow-up on a
Russian offer to help in the investigation. Russia fought a 10-year
war with Muslim fundamentalists after invading Afghanistan in 1979.
The United States opposed the Soviet invasion and provided weapons
to the insurgents through Pakistan.
The Pentagon is looking forward to
receiving a sizable portion of the $40-billion that Congress has
promised to make available to the administration to respond to the
terrorist attacks, Wolfowitz said. In addition to the
$40-billion, the president is asking congressional leaders to enact
a broad statement of support, perhaps something like a declaration
of war that Bush's father obtained before the 1991 Gulf War.
Strong Support from
September 12, 2001
Posted: 10:50 p.m. EDT (0250 GMT)
Firefighters raise a flag
late in the afternoon on Tuesday in the wreckage of the
World Trade Center towers.
-- The shape of the U.S. response to the World Trade Center and
Pentagon terrorist attacks will be defined by President Bush's
declaration Wednesday that "they were acts of war" against the
The president won
bipartisan support Wednesday from both houses of Congress, which
passed a resolution declaring the nation was "entitled to respond
under international law."
meeting at the Capitol for the first time since the attacks, also
expressed solidarity with the president in his efforts to track down
and punish those responsible.
NATO has taken an
unprecedented step by invoking Article Five of its charter, which
states that any armed attack against one of its members is
considered an attack against all of them. (Full
As one official put
it: "A hit for one is a hit for all."
By invoking Article
Five, NATO members agreed to aid the United States in any response
it may make to the attacks.
The United States
would have to go back to NATO to ask for specific kinds of support,
but officials said invoking Article Five provides an "expedited
basis" for use of airspace by the allies and makes other kinds of
assistance available, such as military and intelligence sharing.
and White House agreed to set aside $20 billion for rescue efforts,
repairs and counterterrorism work. House Appropriations Committee
Chairman Bill Young said lawmakers hoped to have the spending bill
on Bush's desk by Thursday.
In New York, the
Empire State building and Penn Station were evacuated late Wednesday
night but the all clear was given about 20 minutes later at both
A partial transcript
of cockpit comments heard from United Airlines Flight 93 before it
crashed in Pennsylvania suggests a scuffle as intruders were taking
over and warning, "There is a bomb on board."
Donald Rumsfeld taped a message to U.S. troops, and the reference to
an upcoming conflict was almost explicit. "More -- much more -- will
be asked of you in the weeks and months ahead. This is especially
true of those who are in the field."
Police in Hamburg,
Germany, search an apartment at the request of the FBI, seeking a
connection to terrorism attacks in the United States. Although the
apartment was empty, a police spokesman said five people of
"apparently Arab descent" had been using it until February.
Top U.S. officials
say they know the identities of many of the hijackers on each of the
four flights that crashed in attacks. Identifications made through
New York Stock
Exchange and Nasdaq will remain closed through Thursday. It could
reopen Friday, but will reopen no later than Monday, officials said.
Baseball canceled all games for a second day Wednesday. The National
Football League said it would decide Thursday whether to go ahead
with games scheduled for Sunday. The PGA Tour canceled two events
Relatives of a
passenger on the plane that crashed in rural Pennsylvania said he
related during a phone call that men on board voted to try to
overpower the three hijackers. Shortly after that call, the plane
went down, as it appeared headed for Washington.
Police in Coral
Springs, Florida, say they accompanied FBI agents to the home of a
man authorities believe may have been one of the hijackers involved
in Tuesday's attacks.
The search for
survivors continues in the rubble at New York's World Trade Center
and the Pentagon in Washington, D.C.
The White House and
Air Force One may have been targets of the terrorists responsible
for the Pentagon attack, according to White House officials. That is
why President Bush was flown from Florida to several military bases
until his security in Washington could be guaranteed. Officials say
the jet that slammed into the Pentagon may have been originally
destined for the White House. (Full
Maine's Department of
Public Safety says officials seized a rental car at the Portland
jetport, believing two of the hijackers may have used the car to
travel between Portland and Boston.
Aviation Administration has given clearance for flights diverted
after Tuesday's terrorist attacks to continue on to their final
destination Wednesday, but ordered all other commercial air traffic
to remain grounded. (Full
F-16 escorts Air Force One on Tuesday
U.S. government officials for revealing classified data because it
could "reduce the chances that the U.S. has to track down and deal
with the people...who have killed so many Americans."
A car is seized in
Daytona Beach, Florida, with information relating to Osama bin
The owners of a
flight school in Venice, Florida, say that the FBI is
investigating whether two former students were involved in the
New York Mayor Rudy
Giuliani said 82 bodies had been recovered by Wednesday night. He
said the number of dead is expected to be in the thousands, but
would not say how many thousands. The mayor confirmed that the
city has requested 5,000 additional body bags from FEMA. (Full
Morgan Stanley reports the "vast majority" of its 3,500 employees
at the World Trade Center got out safely.
The Taliban, who
control 90 percent of Afghanistan, appeal to the United States to
refrain from attacking their country.
sources tell CNN that at least two phone calls were intercepted
between members of an organization connected with suspected
terrorist Osama bin Laden. Phone calls mentioned that two targets
had been hit. (Full
Secretary of State
Colin Powell says the coalition being formed will not stop at
getting the people responsible for the attack, but will go after
terrorists wherever they are found.
Crowds gather after police
converged on the Westin Hotel in Boston.
carrier USS George Washington has moved into New York Harbor
New York rescuers
are searching for two other people who have been in contact with
authorities; six firefighters and three policemen were rescued
early Wednesday, two other police officers were rescued Tuesday
International Airport announces tightening of security. Among
them: the airport will discontinue curbside baggage check-in and
remove vehicles standing within 300 feet of front entrance. Car
found at the airport, where two of the hijacked planes originated,
contained a flight manual written in Arabic. Police and FBI
investigators are examing the car. (Full
New York City is
closed to the public south of 14th Street.
HOW TO HELP
- Blood and platelet donors will be needed over the
next several weeks to help replenish the nation's
supply. Call the Red Cross at 1-800-GIVE-LIFE
or America's Blood Centers at 1-888-BLOOD-88 to
schedule an appointment.
- To donate money to the Red Cross for assisting
victims of the attacks, call 1-800-HELP-NOW.
- The United Way of New York and The New York
Community Trust have established a fund to help the
victims of Tuesday's attacks and their families.
Anyone wishing to contribute may call
- To make donations to the Salvation Army for
helping the victims, call 1-800-SAL-ARMY.
- For more information on helping victims of the
U.S. attacks, visit
The FBI set up a Web site
where people could report any tips or other information:
www.ifccfbi.gov. Intelligence officials told NBC
News they were especially eager to recover any video
that tourists may have been shooting before and during
the attacks. Call 212-577-TIPS if you have any
live video of World Trade Center crowds or damage.
- If you are in one of the attack areas and in need
of assistance, contact FEMA at 1-800-426-9029
- The Justice Department’s Office of Victims of
Crime established a hotline for families seeking
information about victims and survivors. The number is
- Families of American Airlines passengers can
contact the airline at 1-800-245-0999.
- Families of United Airlines passengers can contact
the airline at 1-800-932-8555.
- Navy and Marine personnel who were in the building
at the time of the attack can call 1-877-663-6772
number so that the services can put together a roster.
Army personnel assigned to the Pentagon should call
- Family members of military personnel seeking
information should call 1-800-984-8523 (Army),
1-877-663-6772 (Navy and Marine Corps.),
1-800-253-9276 (Air Force).
- Morgan Stanley has an emergency contact phone
number. Employees and their families can call
- Cantor Fitzgerald Inc. has an emergency contact
phone number. Employees and their families can call
- Aon encourages all families of its 1100 employees
who worked in World Trade Center Tower 2 to call
- FirstGov has a comprehensive list of U.S.
government resources and information at
- Web sites are available for people who still
haven't been able to contact their family members:
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U.S. Under Siege
|Smoke billows from the
World Trade Center Towers. The second tower was leveled by a third
- World Trade center,
Pentagon hit by planes
air traffic grounded
Jet 767, 757 American & United passenger planes have crashed into the twin towers
of the World Trade Center. The airline said 164 passengers and crew
members were killed. Both WTC towers have collapsed. The planes were
hijacked before the crashes. President Bush said the crashes were
apparent terrorist attacks. A plane has also crashed into the
Pentagon, collapsing part of the building and another plane has
crashed in Western Pennsylvania.
The FBI is investigating reports of a plane hijacking before the
crashes. One of the airlines was said to be an American Airlines 767
from Boston. Later an aircraft crashed near the Pentagon. The West
Wing of the White House was evacuated amid threats of terrorism. The
FAA has halted all air traffic and has ordered all aircraft aloft to
land at the nearest airport. President Bush, in Sarasota to discuss
reading initiatives, described the incidents as "acts of terrorism."
He was changing plans to return to Washington.
Timeline Of Today's Events:
Plane crashes into
tower of World Trade Center in lower Manhattan, shortly before 9 a.m.
Second plane crashes
into the second tower of the World Trade Center, shortly after 9 a.m.
President Bush, in
Sarasota, Florida, calls the crashes "an apparent terrorist attack"
and a "national tragedy."
An aircraft crashes
near Pentagon, just outside of Washington D.C., in Northern Virginia,
about an hour after the attacks in New York.
Government buildings in
Washington, including the Capitol and the White House, are evacuated
with officials citing a credible threat of a terrorist attack.
The Federal Aviation
Administration shuts down all aircraft takeoffs nationwide.
Shortly after 10 a.m.
Eastern, one World Trade Center tower in New York collapses, about an
hour after being hit by plane.
American Airlines says
one of the planes that crashed into the Trade Center was American
Airlines Flight 11, hijacked after takeoff from Boston en route to Los
Senior law enforcement
officials say car bomb explodes outside of State Department in
Washington, D.C.. Federal protective services later denies car bomb
suspend trading in the wake of the attacks.
Officials at Somerset
County Airport say a large plane crashes in western Pennsylvania,
about 80 miles southeast of Pittsburgh, at about 10:00 a-m.
The second tower of the
World Trade Center collapses at 10:28 a.m. Eastern.
Fourth explosion rocks
the collapsed remains of the World Trade Center, at about 10:38 a.m.
Authorities across the
country go on alert, tightening security at strategic facilities and
evacuating high-profile buildings. U.S. monuments and museums in
Washington D.C. are closed.
Securities and Exchange
Commission says all financial markets are closed for the day.
American Airlines customers who wish
to receive information about relatives should call American's response
number at (800) 245-0999. Others can call a Massport number (617)
568-3100. People with concerns for United Airlines can call (800)
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AMERICA UNDER ATTACK
- Both World Trade Center towers
collapse after plane crashes
- Plane crashes into Pentagon, part of
the Pentagon collapses
- Bush calls trade center crashes
- Major federal buildings, United
- FAA grounds all domestic flights,
sends trans-Atlantic flights to Canada
- Israel evacuates embassies
|Smoke billows from the
World Trade Center Towers. Both towers eventually collapsed from
People run from the collapse of World Trade Center.
Left: Rescue workers amid debris on
streets of New York.
Right: Fireball erupts from the second crash into World Trade
September 11, 2001 Posted:
People walk away from the World
Trade Center as ash rains down.
NEW YORK (CNN) -- Terrorists
struck the United States Tuesday morning in harrowing, widespread attacks
that included at least three commercial jet crashes into significant
buildings. In the first attack, a
plane smashed into the north tower of the World Trade Center in Manhattan
shortly before 9 a.m., followed by another plane into the second tower
about 20 minutes later. Both towers later collapsed. Sources told CNN that
one of the planes was an American Airlines Boeing 767 that had been
hijacked after take-off from Boston.
About an hour later, a
plane crashed into the Pentagon in Washington, part of which later
Sources say a second plane
was heading toward the Pentagon; F-16 jets were in the air monitoring it.
The Pentagon, the White
House, the State Department, the Justice Department, the Capitol and all
other government buildings in Washington evacuated.
In the first ever national
ground stop of aircraft, all flights nationwide have been stopped at their
All international flights
were diverted to Canada.
Israel has evacuated all
its missions around the world.
President Bush cancelled an
appearance in Florida to return to Washington, calling the crashes
"apparent terrorist attacks" and "a national tragedy."
In Chicago, the Sears Tower
was evacuated; United Nations in New York evacuated.
The New York Port Authority
said it had closed all bridges and tunnels into the city.
New York's Bellevue
Hospital was designated command central for handling the catastrophe.
Several hospitals have already reported receiving victims with burns and
Large plane crashed 80
miles south of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, but it was unknown if this crash
was connected to terrorist attacks.
U.S. stock markets were
closed after the New York attacks.
Flames and smoke erupt from the
World Trade Center after a second plane crashes into the New York
NEW YORK (AP) — Two planes crashed into the
upper floors of both World Trade Center towers minutes apart Tuesday in a
horrific scene of explosions and fires that left gaping holes in the
110-story building. MSNBC is reporting that one plane was a hijacked United
Airlines airplane flying from Boston to Los Angeles. President Bush calling
the incident"an act of terrorism" said, "I've ordered that the full
resources of the federal government will go to help the victims and their
families." Tunnels, airports and bridges in New York City are closed. Many
subway lines are also closed. The New York markets have also been closed.
CNN reports at least 1,000 injuries from the twin disasters, which happened
shortly before 9 a.m. and then right around 9 a.m.
Washington, officials said the FBI was investigating reports of a plane
hijacking before the crashes. President Bush is returning from Florida.
towers were struck by bombers in February 1993.
plane was coming in low and ... it looked like it hit at a slight angle,"
said Sean Murtagh, a CNN vice president, the network reported.
holes were visible in sides of the 110-story buildings, landmark twin
watching TV. and heard a sonic boom ...," witness Jeanne Yurman told CNN.
"The side of the world trade center exploded. Debris is falling like
leaflets. I hear ambulances. The northern tower seems to be on fire."
tops of the twin towers were obscured by the smoke.
Thousands of pieces of what appeared to be office paper came drifting over
Brooklyn, about three miles from the tower, one witness said.
center bombing on Feb. 26, 1993, killing six people and injured more than
1945, an Army Air Corps B-25, a twin-engine bomber, crashed into the 79th
floor of the Empire State Building in dense fog.
Planes crash into World Trade Center and
Bush calls tragedy 'apparent terrorist
attack' - White House evacuated
"Vicious, Grisly Attack Parallels Pearl
Harbor But is Far More Deadly" ...rfm
Smoke and fire surrounds the upper floors of the World Trade Center in
this image from television after a second plane crashed into the
Associated Press and staff reports
© St. Petersburg Times Online, Sept. 11, 2001
In a horrific sequence of
destruction, terrorists crashed two planes into the World Trade Center and
knocked down the twin 110-story towers this morning. Explosions also rocked
the Pentagon and the State Department and spread fear across the nation. The
fate of those in the buildings was not immediately known. Authorities had
been trying to evacuate people from the towers, but many were thought to be
President Bush ordered a
full-scale investigation to "hunt down the folks who committed this act."
One of the planes that
crashed into the Trade Center was American Airlines Flight 11, hijacked
after takeoff from Boston en route to Los Angeles, American Airlines said.
The planes blasted fiery, gaping holes in the upper floors of the twin
towers. A witness said he saw bodies falling from the twin towers and people
jumping out. About an hour later, the southern tower collapsed with a roar a
huge cloud of smoke; the other tower fell about a half-hour after that.
"This is perhaps the most
audacious terrorist attack that's ever taken place in the world," said Chris
Yates, an aviation expert at Jane's Transport in London. "It takes a
logistics operation from the terror group involved that is second to none.
Only a very small handful of terror groups is on that list. ... I would name
at the top of the list Osama Bin Laden."
the planes that crashed into the World Trade Center had been hijacked after
takeoff from Boston, a U.S. official said, citing a transmission from the
plane. The planes that slammed into the Trade Center blasted fiery, gaping
holes in the upper floors of the twin towers. The southern tower collapsed
with a roar about an hour later. "This is perhaps the most audacious
terrorist attack that's ever taken place in the world," said Chris Yates, an
avaiation expert at Jane's Transpoet in London. "It takes a logistics
operation from the terror group involved that is second to none. Only a very
small hndful of terror groups is on that list. ... I would name at the top
of the list Osama Bin Laden."
planes were grounded across the country by the Federal Aviation
Administration. All bridges and tunnels into Manhattan were closed down.
disaster at the World Trade Center happened shortly before 9 a.m. and then
right around 9 a.m.
black smoke billowed into the sky above the gaping holes in the side of the
twin towers, one of New York City's most famous landmarks, and debris rained
down upon the street, one of the city's busiest work areas. When the second
plane hit, a fireball of flame and smoke erupted, leaving a huge hole in the
glass and steel tower.
Axisa, who was getting off a PATH train to the World Trade Center, said he
saw "bodies falling out" of the building. He said he ran outside, and
watched people jump out of the first building, and then there was a second
explosion, and he felt heat on the back of neck. WCBS-TV, citing an FBI
agent, said five or six people jumped out of the windows. People screamed
every time another person leaped. David Reck was handing out literature for
a candidate for public advocate a few blocks away when he saw a jet come in
"very low, and then it made a slight twist and dove into the building."
ran down the stairs in panic and fled the building. Thousands of pieces of
what appeared to be office paper came drifting over Brooklyn, about three
miles away. Within the hour, an aircraft crashed on a helicopter landing pad
near the Pentagon, and the West Wing of the White House was evacuated amid
threats of terrorism. And another explosion rocked New York about an hour
after the crash. "Today we've had a national tragedy," Bush said in
Sarasota, Fla. "Two airplanes have crashed into the World Trade Center in an
apparent terrorist attack on our country." He said he would be returning
immediately to Washington.
bombers struck the World Trade Center in February 1993, killing six people
and injuring more than 1,000 others.
occurrence is just beyond belief," said Ira Furber, former National
Transportation Safety Board spokesman.
subway lines were immediately shut down Tuesday. Trading on Wall Street was
a large boom and then we saw all this debris just falling," said Harriet
Grimm, who was inside a bookstore on the World Trade Center's first floor
when the first explosion rocked the building. "The plane was coming in low
and ... it looked like it hit at a slight angle," said Sean Murtagh, a CNN
vice president, the network reported.
an Army Air Corps B-25, a twin-engine bomber, crashed into the 79th floor of
the Empire State Building in dense fog.
Florida, Bush was reading to children in a classroom at 9:05 a.m. when his
chief of staff, Andrew Card, whispered into his ear. The president briefly
turned somber before he resumed reading. He addressed the tragedy about a
Smoke pours from the twin towers.
The center bombing on Feb.
26, 1993, killing six people and injured more than 1,000 others.
A senior government official,
speaking on condition of anonymity, said the agency is pursuing reports that
one or both of the planes were hijacked and that the crashes may have been
the result of a suicide mission. The source stressed that the reports
are preliminary and officials do not know the cause of the crashes. "It
certainly doesn't look like an accident," said a second government official,
also speaking on condition of anonymity.
In Sarasota, President Bush
was reading to children in a classroom at 9:05 a.m. when his chief of staff,
Andrew Card, whispered into his ear. The president briefly turned somber
before he resumed reading.
Asked what he knew about the
planes, Bush replied, "I'll talk about it later."
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