LIDICE, former mining village, W Czech Republic, near Prague. The tiny hamlet was little known until June 10, 1942, when it was destroyed by the German army in retaliation for the assassination of the German police general Reinhard Heydrich (1904-42). According to the official German announcement and the account of the sole adult male survivor of the massacre, some inhabitants of the village had aided the Czech patriots who had shot Heydrich. Early on the morning of June 10, German troops rounded up all the inhabitants except one man, who hid outside the village. The other 173 men were machine-gunned, women and children were sent to concentration camps, and the village of Lidice was leveled.
Official protests against the German action came from all over the world; several towns, including Stern Park Gardens, Ill., and San Gerónimo, Mexico, were renamed Lidice in memory of the village, which became a symbol of German ruthlessness. After World War II, the survivors of the village returned; a new settlement of Lidice was built near the old village, which is now a national park and a memorial.
The bodies of the men and boys over age 16 of Lidice, Czechoslovakia, murdered by
the Nazis on June 10, 1942, in reprisal for the assassination of SS Leader Reinhard Heydrich.
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